The first biennial Sioux Falls, South Dakota Affordable Housing competition was open to the greater Sioux Falls area. It was presented by Architecture for Humanity—Sioux Falls and was sponsored by the City of Sioux Falls Community Development Office and Affordable Housing Solutions. The challenge was to design an affordable, functional, contextual, and LEED attainable house for a local family. Homes needed to be $100,000 or less (including materials and construction costs), no greater than 950 square feet, and had to be able to demonstrate the ability to achieve LEED for Homes platinum certification.
Architecture Incorporated of Sioux Falls, SD submitted the winning home design called the “Shift House”. It has now been completed in the Whittier neighborhood of Sioux Falls. The “Shift House” was designed to shift the perception of what affordable housing can be. It can be innovative, sustainable, and well-designed. The emphasis is to show the benefits of sustainable design, and both short term and long term affordability, for qualified homeowners using replicable and innovative affordable housing ideas. The design team’s consideration to the context of the neighborhood and efficient, flexible interior layout provides a home that blends well with the surrounding community.
Construction has incorporated a passive solar design with highly energy efficient components such as “Energy Star” rated windows and doors, on demand water heaters, and other construction components that meet or exceed the Department of Energy 2009 energy efficiency code requirements.
The house was sold before it ever entered the market.
Habitat for Humanity of Wake County, the Raleigh Chapter of Architecture for Humanity, and the American Institute of Architects North Carolina Triangle Section are pleased to announce the ReSpace Competition. This design contest is an effort to raise awareness of reusable materials while showcasing creative and successful small space designs inspired by reuse. The ReSpace Competition asks designers to approach the process of designing a small, transportable space with an emphasis on the material “ingredients” that will shape it.
Visit our website for more information: www.respace.org
Mua Muri Negotiation Centre
Carrying faith, out of the trench.
Over my shoulder.
Over and over.
- Lyrics from 'After the War', I Am Giant.
We believe that it is insufficient in the present state of global conflict to merely convert abandoned military buildings into civic space without acknowledging the international military aggression that is still rampant in the world today. The world is not demilitarising rather the context for military deployment is shifting from defending borders to defending supply lines, and the increasing role of monitoring citizens in public spaces.
Our team has created a proposal for a negotiation centre that uses state of the art mediation methodologies and the protocols of traditional Maori grievance forums, within a unique heritage landscape of a colonial battleground, the Ruapekapeka Pa. This proposal arises from the lessons imbued in the site including the will to move beyond war and into non-violent conflict resolution.
The name of the centre Mua Muri is Maori for ‘past’ and ‘future’, drawing on the Maori concept of time where ‘mua’ implies past, yet also means in front. ‘Muri’ implies the future but also means the underpin our proposal.
In 1845-46 Ruapekapeka Pa was the site chosen by five Maori iwi (tribes) gathered to challenge British colonial forces. The famous war chief Te Ruki Kawiti, whose subterranean military architecture was emulated widely in World War I, ended the last land war in the district. He offered a strategic opportunity to the British colonial forces. Kawiti's words to Governor Grey, the Crown’s representative, were:
"If you have had enough then I have had enough, but if you have not had enough, then I have not had enough either."
Thus the battle was over and both sides famously put down their weapons. The incident changed from aggression and conflict to negotiation and understanding - demonstrative of New Zealand's traditions of mediation with particular protocols advocated within Maori culture.
Learning from the Land
The scheme works with the landscape of the Ruapekapeka Pa, as a former place of war and resolution in New Zealand colonial history. Our team is proposing an architectural addition adjacent to the pa site, a negotiation centre that refers to the toil of Maori trench warfare through its architectural language. The trench architecture of old has left a sculptural landscape of submerged contours and depressions. Reappropriating the materiality and subterranean qualities of the trench architecture, the building hugs the contours of the slope, subtly inset into the hillside. The materiality is exposed wood, raw post beam structures, and a living roof. The site offers north facing views towards the Bay of Islands since the pa sits on one of the highest points.
The architectural space is able to accommodate for a traditional Maori powhiri (welcoming ceremony). This is where visitors are formally called forth by the hosts of the land, ending in the joining together of various peoples.
The protocol of the negotiation centre will draw upon the values of the hui, a Maori gathering in which negotiations and conflicts are resolved according to a democratic process that allows all sides of an issue to be explored. Outcomes are decided by consensus. Maori protocols are especially sensitive and attuned to the process of expressing grievance. In the tradition of whaikorero, the art of Maori oratory, each opportunity for speech is given due respect.
The scheme is a home for negotiation, mediation and reconciliation. It is a programme that allows non-violent conflict resolution to be developed and evolved – the cutting edge of negotiation practices both for local and international benefit. It is where both local indigenous knowledge and the most progressive of international mediation practices can be realised. We are particularly interested in the set of contemporary protocols being developed by the International Mediation Institute in The Hague in the Netherlands, the Centre for Negotiation Analysis and the Community Mediation Centre in Singapore. The negotiation centre can be used at a range of scales, from family groups and regional gatherings to national and international uses. It is a space in which sensitive and significant negotiations can take place, accommodating for different sides to come together on neutral ground.
As a centre for improving the state of reconciliation in the world, the building can also hold international workshops and conferences to further the discourse and educate on such issues. How the world moves past war is our agenda.
As a culturally, historically and physically sensitive site, our group has consulted with the Department of Conservation, local Iwi and the local community to come up with a scheme that enhances the site without damaging it or breaching tapu (sacredness). According to a member of the Iwi, the tapu nature of the site is due to the blood of the ancestors being spilled on the land. However, most of this tapu has been lifted to allow people to visit the site.
The architectural design is located alongside the pa site, rather than directly on the sacred pa site, caters for 50 people and is designed as a workshop space. The building includes an indoor-outdoor flow with the grassy atea (forecourt) facing the northern sun. The significance of the atea is that it is the space where human dignity is accentuated and heightened – a charged space. As well as casually used as an outdoor meeting space, it is is also where groups can be welcomed onto the site through a formal powhiri.
The scheme also includes a subtle landscape intervention on the pa itself. The site is a protected heritage site, under the auspices of the Department of Conservation. The site is currently covered in grass which has to be mowed and the trench holes are exposed and falling into disrepair.
The botanical component includes planting native ground covers across the site that preserves the depressions by binding the soil. It will also allow the contours of the archaeological structures to be made visible. The native planting scheme realises a new ecological niche that has occurred with the loss of tree canopies. The bio-diversity of the site would be improved and we would aim to gradually replace grazing grass with native ground covers. It would also re-establish the scattering of boulder outcrops that have been removed from the site, by asking local farmers to donate rocks to the landscape scheme.
The triple bottom line of social, economic and environmental sustainability is addressed by our community engagement programme and scheme. Socially, the Mua Muri Negotiation Centre offers opportunity for the Kawakawa community, making it a destination rather than a town to pass through. The local Maori community will also be involved through education and welcoming guests onto the land.
The Negotiation Centre as an adjunct to the inspiring landscape of the Ruapekapeka Pa, can draw some of the major tourist traffic that moves through the Bay of Islands towards other town centres such as Paihia, Kerikeri and Russell, but often bypasses Kawakawa, the town with the lowest socio-economic demographic of the region. Recently Kawakawa has attempted to build a unique identity within the region through its adoption of a green roof architectural vernacular due to the artist Frederich Hundertvasser having lived there during the late twentieth century. More recently a striking investment by the local community in an entire earth-covered dwelling for a new Kohanga Reo, (Maori language nest for early childhood education) is a serious addition to this local architectural vernacular. Kawakawa aspires to be the Stuttgart of New Zealand.
The Negotiation Centre project thus contributes to the momentum already demonstrated by the local community to build a unique identity for the town based upon sustainable architecture. The green roof vernacular of Kawakawa advocates for all of the many sustainability positives that green roofs offer: insulation and cooling, storm water reduction, aesthetic and social values, increasing biodiversity, etc. However the Negotiation Centre project adds another significant cultural dimension to this local vernacular by drawing upon indigenous Maori subterranean architecture used in the battle of Ruapekapeka as the starting point for the design. Thus the project design is a hybrid of a local historical and contemporary design language.
Additionally this proposal for [un]restricted access includes a subtle ecological intervention to help stabilise the contours of the former subterranean architecture on Ruapekapeka Pa through planting recommended native species advocated by the Archaeological Institute of New Zealand increasing biodiversity and the aesthetic landscape values of the site.
The scheme uses local materials as much as possible and contains several sustainable features. The compressed earth floor has a high thermal mass, helping to maintain a comfortable temperature inside the building by storing the northern sun’s heat and releasing it slowly throughout the night. The building uses solar design principles, the eave shading the building appropriately throughout the year. Double glazing with a low-emissivity coating on the interior is used for glazing insulation. The rest of the building sits within the ground – a natural insulation.
Titiro, Whakarongo, Korero - Look, Listen, Speak
Our team believes the idea for reclaiming military sites is highly cogent to evolving civic spaces that embody democratic processes. Our interpretation of the site and the indigenous cultural protocols of grievance, respect and active listening in New Zealand give a unique slant that offers much to the community, both locally and globally.
List of construction materials
Timber frame, walls
- Local vernacular Macrocarpa timber
- Recycled railway sleepers
- Local volcanic boulders for rock, usually a hindrance in surrounding farmland
- Compressed earth floor using local clay/subvolcanic soil
- Recycled glass bottles for insulation
- Compressed hardfill
- Sand blinding
- Water proof membrane
- Drainage tray made from recycled plastic.
- Scrap carpet
- Old hay stuffed under twine
- Local soil
- Native planting
Botanical key species list (all NZ natives)
- Blechnum Penna Marina
- Northern white flowering Rata
- Muehlenbeckia Complexa
- Helichrysum Lanceolatum
- Typha Angustifolia or Raupo
- Libertia NZ Native Iris
- Kawakawa Micropiper Excelsum
- Pachystegia Insignis
El proyecto “a prueba de Agua” propone diferentes soluciones innovadoras, que resuelvan de manera efectiva y permanente los problemas ocasionados por la temporada invernal en el Municipio de Hatillo de Loba (Bolívar), uno de los más afectados del país. El proyecto se enfoca en el diseño y construcción de infraestructura y espacios comunitarios y viviendas resistentes a los efectos del invierno, que sean replicables en otros municipios del país.
Las sombrillas A PRUEBA DE AGUA tienen un diseño inspirado en este proyecto, cumpliendo con un doble propósito: a través de su venta, recaudar fondos para el desarrollo del proyecto y a la vez compartir información del mismo con quienes están interesados en comprarla. La totalidad de los recursos obtenidos se destinarán a la construcción de 2.600 viviendas en el municipio de Hatillo de Loba, Bolivar (Colombia).
Architecture For Humanity Athens is invited by the National Theatre of Greece and Common View (the arts and parallel events program of the National Theatre)to create a temporary event space in the building's yard, which will be open to the community. The theatre is located in a developing area in the centre of Athens so the proposal aims to open up the building's exterior space to the neighborhood and offer a new cultural public space to both residents and visitors.
The project works as a platform through which people can walk around the yard and experience a series of events that will take place during 10-20 May 2012. 2 stages are created along the path to accommodate the Common Views's live performances, video projections and discussions, while a number of installations give the visitors the opportunity to explore the theatre's history. Within a very limited budget most of the materials were previously used in the national theatre's shows and are recycled in different ways in order to form and inform the public space.
TPF² is produced by the Tokyo Chapter of Architecture for Humanity. TPF² is a group of volunteering professionals based in Tokyo that aim to facilitate the exchange of local groups, projects and initiatives from the disaster hit area of Tohoku in northern Japan with international experts and professionals from various fields by hosting the Tohoku Planning Forum.
Research: Building capacities & creating communities: Towards Multi-sector initiative in Urban Slums of Bangladesh
Task: Conduct detail physical survey of Slums around Bangladesh and Make recommendation for future intervention for BRAC Development Institute.survey include mapping on Infrastructure and service delivery, such as drainage, roads, water supply, streets, homestead detail & its functional arrangement with construction technique.
BDI’s Urban Poverty research cell is on the verge of rolling out pilot initiatives in five secondary towns -Dhaka, Rajshahi, Faridpur, Mymensingh, Bhairab, and Khulna, with an aim to instigate a comprehensive, multi-sector upgrade of urban slums, focusing on seven major themes - tenure security and land entitlement, livelihood strategy development and access to finance, health services, schooling and child labor, access to basic utilities, disaster preparedness and climate change and community mobilization.
The action research tried to address the varied and multi-faceted dimensions of urban poverty and find and implement innovative ways to climate-proof each of these dimensions. It sought to address, inter alia, the following:
Infrastructure and service delivery, such as drainage, roads, water supply, street lighting, and so on
Access to finance and livelihood opportunities
Housing and tenancy rights
Access to services, such as health, schooling, etc
Resilience and adaptation to climate change
Insecurity and violence, especially gender violence
Strengthen individual, institutional, and community capacity and empowerment
Build and maintain better lives and futures
Identify local political champions
Draw good practice lessons that can be used for future scaling up
The research, carried out in selected slums in metropolitan cities and secondary towns in Bangladesh, with a sample size of 300-500 households.
Compassion for Migrant Children (CMC) is a nonprofit organization that helps China’s urban migrant children, primarily through offering social and educational programs. This organization strategically builds community centers in the heart of migrant neighborhoods where they offer programs for migrant children and their family. CMC is working with Architecture For Humanity (AFH)-Shanghai Chapter to put up a community center in Beijing which will be the first modular/mobile container center even though they’ve opened 7 community centers in migrant slums in China and Nepal. Architecture for Humanity is another non-profit organization that consists of network of professionals who are willing to lend time, design service, expertise to help those who would not otherwise be able to afford their services and thus bring design, construction and development services where they are most critically needed. This organization has various chapters around the world through which they operate their activities.
Now, CMC is interested to open a similar community center made from customized container for the migrant children and their communities in Dhaka. In this connection, they have contacted Architecture For Humanity Dhaka chapter. According to our first meeting with the Chairperson of Architecture Department, BRAC University, Dr. Fuad H. Mallick and also a senior advisor of AFH-Dhaka chapter, we have some concern that the module that have been implemented at china may not be feasible at Bangladesh’s context. So we should first conduct a feasibility study in cooperation with the user group about the potential construction method for the possible community centre in Bangladesh. AFH-Dhaka sets out a partnership with CMC to conduct a research on the type and appropriateness of the facility. It particularly focuses on expert assessment for a cost-effective solution through survey, finding potential source and cost analysis of shipping container, communication with local metal workers for refurbishing the containers or find potential options other than shipping containers if the study reveals that they are not feasible. In the end, locate a probable community who would be willing to have a facility made from container which will be then monitored and evaluated over a period. Parameters for the required facility are quality, mobile, flexible, affordable, and scalable. final outcome will be a prototype design of CMC Community Cube for Bangladesh and help CMC to implement those community centre.
Compassion for Migrant Children has already launched the Community Cubes model in China, is currently setting it up in Nepal, and is expanding to Bangladesh now as well. CMC goal is to see 100 community centers opened around the globe.